The Daulton Collection
Archive of 
Exploration, Travel, and Science
The Spanish Anchorage, Easter Island
manuscript map
1770
ink on laid paper
36,3 x 41,9 cm (14 2/8 x 16 5/8 in.)
The Daulton Collection
(detail only displayed)
In addition to its holdings of art and material culture, The Daulton Collection includes a small but significant group of materials (maps, correspondence, photographs, books, etc.) relating to the history of exploration, travel, and science.

Highlights of the collection include, among other items:

1) one of the first two manuscript maps of Easter Island, both created on the 1770 Spanish expedition to the island (the other map is in the Library of Congress, Washington, DC); the Daulton Collection's map, a map of the Spanish anchorage, contains the first drawings of moai, the monumental stone statues for which Easter Island is world-famous; 

2) one of the only privately-held collections of original material relating to Hiram Bingham’s expeditions to Machu Picchu, consisting of the personal archive of Albert H. Bumstead, Bingham’s topographer; 

3) an important archive consisting of more than 100 original photographs from Albert von Le Coq’s German Turfan Expedition to Central Asia, 1904-05, in search of the “buried treasures of Chinese Turkestan”; 

4) a small, but important, group of manuscript correspondence, including field reports, and other documents relating to Heinrich Barth and his exploration of North Africa, 1850-55, from Tripoli to Timbuktu; 

5) an autograph draft manuscript of evolutionary biologist Ernst Haeckel's Indische Reisebriefe [Indian Travel Letters] (1882), as well as one of Haeckel's original watercolor illustrations for Arabische Korallen [Arabian Coral] (1876), one of the first scientifically accurate depictions of a coral reef; 

6) a visual archive of French archaeologist Henri Parmentier (1871-1949), relating to the ancient art and architecture of India and Southeast Asia, consisting of 180 photographs and 56 ink and pencil drawings; 

7) a large and important archive of the last remaining privately-held papers of anthropologists Katherine Routledge (1866-1935) and her husband William Scoresby Routledge (1859-1939), relating to their expeditions and work in East Africa, Easter Island, Jamaica, and French Polynesia, and consisting of diaries, working notes, photographs, and illustrations, among other materials; and

8) the working manuscript of chapter three ("The Annexe") of Volume III of archaeologist Howard Carter's work The Tomb of Tutankhamun (1933), the account of his world-famous 1922 discovery, being a ten-page typescript with numerous corrections and annotations, as well as a few sketches, in Carter's hand, in pencil and ink, opening: "Strange and beautiful objects call for wonder, conjecture and fair words ...."


Albert H. Bumstead (1875-1940)
View of Machu Picchu, as the site was being cleared of the jungle overgrowth during the Yale-National Geographic expedition led by Hiram Bingham III
1912
gelatin silver photograph
The Daulton Collection

Unidentified Photographer
Expedition Member wearing local headdress
Albert von Le Coq Turfan Expedition
1902
gelatin silver photograph
The Daulton Collection

Ernst Haeckel (1834-1919)

Arabische Korallen (Arabian Coral)

circa 1876

watercolor on thin paper

18 x 27 cm (sheet 28 x 35 cm)

The Daulton Collection

Henri Parmentier (1871-1949)
View of Monastery in Laos
first half 20th century (probably circa 1910)
gelatin silver photograph
The Daulton Collection
Katherine Scoresby Routledge (1866-1935)
cargo trunk (one of two), containing expedition papers
circa 1913-1923
painted and stenciled steel or tin
W 17 3/4 x L 23 x D 10 3/4 in.
The Daulton Collection 
Howard Carter (1874-1939)
The Tomb of Tutankhamunworking manuscript of chapter three ("The Annexe") of Volume III
circa 1933
ten-page typescript with numerous corrections and annotations, as well as a few sketches, in Carter's hand, in pencil and ink
The Daulton Collection


Heinrich Barth (1821-1865)

Certificate of his appointment as honorary member of The Geography Society, Dresden [Der Verein für Erdkunde zu Dresden]

1865

two-toned lithograph

hand-signed by the chairman, Major Heinrich von Abendroth, Dresden 14.VII.1865

The Daulton Collection

Sebastian Münster (Ingelheim near Mainz 1488-1552 Basel)
Die Nüw Welt [The New World], or Die neüwen Inseln [The New Islands] 
circa 1572, German edition
woodblock engraving
image 25,5 x 34 cm (10 x 13 1/2 in.)
The Daulton Collection 

References:

Philip C. Burden, The Mapping of North America (Rickmansworth: Raleigh Publications, 1996), 12

Discussion:

First published in 1528, six years after the conclusion of Ferdinand Magellan's pioneering voyage of circumnavigation, Münster's map was the first map of "The New World," i.e., the first separate map of the Americas.  He incorporated the findings of Magellan, most notably the navigable passage at the bottom of South America connecting the Atlantic and Pacific oceans -- the Strait of Magellan ("Fretum Magaliani") -- and decorated the map on the left with an image of Magellan's ship, the Victoria.  (Jack Daulton)

"One of the most important maps of the 16th century which brought the name 'America' into the lexicon. It is the earliest to show all of North and South America in a true continental form with a continuous coastline. South America is more accurately mapped than the North. Japan (Zipangri) is shown as being close to modern-day California, the Yucatan peninsula is shown as an island and the lake at Temistitan is connected to the Gulf of Mexico. The northeastern portion - labelled 'Francisca' - has a settlement called 'C. Britonum' indicative of British early exploration and fishing in the area. A vignette on the east coast of South America shows tree branches adorned with human limbs and the word 'Canibali', leaving the viewer in no doubt as to the dangers awaiting travellers to this region. The large ship in the Pacific Ocean is the 'Victoria', the only surviving ship of five on Magellan’s voyage. The two flags on the map are those of Spain and Portugal, emphasising the influence of these two European powers in the region."  (DWA)
Self-Portrait of archaeologist Robert Johann Koldewey in Babylon
1906
vintage large format, sepia-toned gelatin silver photograph
38,5 x 53 cm
flush-mounted to board
dated in the negative in lower left corner
annotated in ink on mount verso
The Daulton Collection

Condition: edges slightly frayed; small, retouched scratch; liquid surface spot in right area; otherwise a rich tonal print in very good condition.

References:

Walter Andrae. Babylon. Die versunkene Weltstadt und ihr Ausgräber Robert Koldewey (Berlin: De Gruyter, 1952), ill. frontispiece.

Discussion:

A self-trained archaeological historian of the classical period, Robert Koldewey (Blankenburg-Harz 1855-1925 Berlin) was signed on as a participant to the American excavation expedition under Joseph Thacher Clarke of Ancient Assus in Greece in 1883, where he learned excavation methods and how to recover ancient remains. The German Archaeological Institute then employed him for various excavations in the Ottoman Empire. His most important work involved the excavations in Babylon from 1898-1917 where his most significant excavation was the Processional Way and the Ishtar Gate as well as the foundations of the Tower of Babylon. Along with Schliemann, Humann, Conze and Dörpfeld, Koldewey is among to the most important archaeologists of this era. 
Adolph Gustav Plate (Hanover 1874-1914 Sydney)
Niuafoʻou volcano erupting
circa 1895
watercolor on paper
12.6 x 20.2 cm
signed and titled lower right: "A. Plate Nioua Foou"
The Daulton Collection

Provenance: Collection of Paul Clarke and thence by descent until purchased by The Daulton Collection in 2024.

Niuafoʻou is the northernmost island in the Kingdom of Tonga, located in the southern Pacific Ocean between Fiji and Samoa, in the "ring of fire."

Adolph Gustav Plate was an artist, travel writer, publisher, and editor who travelled the Pacific and documented the indigenous cultures and peoples of Fiji, Tonga, Samoa, and Australia through paintings and writings.  In Samoa, he made the acquaintance of Robert Louis Stevenson.

Adolph was the father of modernist artist Carl Olaf Plate (1909-1977).

Adolph Gustav Plate created other artworks depicting Niuafoʻou.  See: Cassi Plate, ed., A Restless Life: Journeys through the Pacific, Asia and Australasia, 1887-1913, Adolph Gustav Plate (Emu Plains, NSW, Australia: Lewers Bequest and Penrith Regional Art Gallery, 1996), ills. at pg. 10.
Adolph Gustav Plate (Hanover 1874-1914 Sydney)
View of Apia, Samoa
1891
oil on canvas

67 by 228 cm (26¼ by 89¾ in.),, unframed

89 by 251 cm (35 by 98¾ in.), framed

signed, dated and inscribed lower left: "A. G. Plate  APIA  1891" 
The Daulton Collection

Provenance

Sir Berry Cusack-Smith, K.M.C.G., 5th Baronet (1859-1929; British Consul in Samoa from 1890 to 1898); thence by descent to Sarita Catherine Williamina Davies, West Sussex 


Sotheby's, London, 7 June 1989, lot 123


Purchased at the above sale by British private collectors; thence by descent to their child


Discussion:


The white building at the centre of the painting is the British Consulate and the woman in the sailing boat on the left is believed to be Mrs. Winifred Cusack-Smith. The Cusack-Smiths moved into Vailima, the home of Robert Louis Stevenson, after he died in 1894; presumably this painting of Apia was displayed at the British Consulate and then at Vailima.


The mountain on the right side of the painting appears to be Mt. Vaea, which overlooks Vailima; the tomb of Robert Louis Stevenson is on the summit of Mt. Vaea.


ConditionOriginal canvas. There is a pattern of stable pigment separation to the sky. There are also scattered little raised dots, which appear to be grains of sand, inherent to the artistic process, and possibly an indication that the work was painted in situe, en plein air. Under ultraviolet light there are a few scattered strokes of retouching visible, mostly to the upper part of the composition, highlighting the edges of the peaks in the background and to some of the clouds.

Contact:
The Daulton Collection
Los Altos Hills, California
e-mail: thedaultoncollection@outlook.com